The history of this beautiful town can be traced back to the early days when it was a small fishing village in the Kalinga Empire during the reign of Ashoka the Great (272-232 BC). Later on, this port town passed successively from the Andhra kings of Engi to the Pallavas, Cholas and the Gangas, before it became a part of the Vijayanagar Empire in the 15th century. But it was ultimately the British who converted it into a thriving port town on the Eastern Coast. Today, the Visakhapatnam port handles the maximum cargo in the country and is likely to become a leading port in Asia. The city has always held an important place on the defense map of India. Today, Visakhapatnam is said to be the heart of the Indian Navel Defense, as the Eastern Navel Command is located here.
Visakhapatnam is thus a rare mixture of a city with a magical past and a vibrant present. A thriving industrial natural harbour, the nation's largest shipbuilding yard, the longest metallic beach road, India's most powerful lighthouse and the world's highest broad gauge railway track can all be found here. Telugu, Hindi and English are the main languages spoken here. It is known for its unspoilt beaches, nearby scenic Araku Valley and Borra caves, the 11th-century Simhachalam temple and ancient Buddhist sites like Thotlakonda and Bavikonda spread across the area.
Vizag has an intercontinental mix of people from various parts of the country. It is enclosed on three sides by partly covered mountain ranges. The south eastern city is protected by the Bay of Bengal. Vizag is considered an important centre for quality education in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The city has developed into a hub for many heavy industries. It is so secure that it is the only city in India with such huge industries like Vizag steel plant, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, and some major organizations like Shipyard, NSTL, Naval Command, and yet the largest tourist destination in the state; definitely puts it among the safest places of India.
The main seasons in Visakhapatnam are the hot and humid summer, pleasant winter and the much - awaited monsoon. The area is also cyclone-prone especially during the monsoon months. Like the rest of coastal Andhra, Vizag too gets both the southwest and the northeast monsoon. The first sets in early June and goes on till about September and the second from October to December. The best time to visit Visakhapatnam is from August to October and from January to March.