Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the river Sabarmati in the northern part of Gujarat and the western part of India. It is located at 23.03°N 72.58°E spanning an area of 205 km².
Ahmedabad is the eighth largest metropolitan city of India and is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It is located just 32 kms from the state capital, Gandhinagar. The city is the administrative centre of Ahmedabad district and was the capital of Gujarat from 1960 to 1970. Later, the capital was shifted to Gandhinagar. In colloquial Gujarati, the city is commonly called Amdavad.
Founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD, Ahmedabad is also known as the 'Manchester of the East'. This prosperous city is a delight for archaeologists, anthropologists, architects, historians, traders & plain tourists. There are mosques & mausoleums, which are a blend of Muslim & Hindu style of architecture.
Ahmedabad is divided by the river Sabarmati into two physically distinct areas. The eastern bank of the river houses the old city which has packed bazaars, a pol system of houses and many places of worship like temples and mosques. The old city also houses the main railway station and the General Post Office. The colonial period saw the expansion of the city to the western side of river Sabarmati felicitated by the construction of Ellis Bridge in 1875. This part of the city houses educational institutions, modern buildings, well-planned residential areas, shopping malls, multiplexes and new business districts centered around the C.G. Road, Ashram Road and more recently, the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway.